Winnie Mandela wears traditional Xhosa dress to Nelson Mandela's trial in 1962


Dublin Core


Winnie Mandela wears traditional Xhosa dress to Nelson Mandela's trial in 1962


Apartheid-South Africa
Apartheid in mass media
Xhosa (African people)- South Africa
Beadwork, Xhosa
South Africa-Armed Forces
Anti-apartheid activists-South Africa
Anti-apartheid movements-South Africa
Women anti-apartheid activists
Trials-South Africa
Mandela, Nelson
Madikizela-Mandela, Winnie


This photo shows Winnie Mandela entering the trial of her husband and leader of the African National Congress, Nelson Mandela, on October 22, 1962. Winnie Mandela is wearing traditional Xhosa dress as a sign of protest and resistance to apartheid and in support of her husband. She wears a traditional Xhosa iqhiya headdress, beaded ithumbu necklaces, and carries an inqawe pipe. Two women also in traditional Xhosa dress walk behind her and a crowd of Black South Africans stands in the background, just outside the gate the women are entering. Uniformed and armed white South African Police Officers flank Winnie Mandela as she enters and the officer standing in profile has his hand on the handle of a weapon.

The back has a caption pasted on to provide context for photo. It reads "Today's picture by radio from Jo'Burg" followed by "Pretoria Trial", "Mrs. Winnie Madela [sic], wife of Nelson Mandela, a former leader of the outlawed African National Congress, is seen in national dress clutching a pipe as she enters court in Pretoria today, October 22, to attend his trial. Mandela pleaded not guilty in a special regional court to charges of incitement and leaving South Africa illegally. Mandela, 44-year-old Johannesburg lawyer, was often called "The Black Pimpernel" because of his elusiveness when police sought him". Below, it reads "Joh/RRR.M 18993 221062 s Associated Press Photo From London". A an oval stamp below the caption reads "The Daily Telegraph Received 22 OCT 1962 Picture Library". Underneath the pasted on caption is an illegible Associated Press stamp.


The Associated Press


The Associated Press




Nieves, Angel David


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Still image




For item coherence and context consider the following:

Increasingly restrictive laws of apartheid South Africa
Pass laws
Traditional dress and culture as protest
Nelson Mandela's activism and imprisonment
African National Congress (ANC) activism

For more see:


The Associated Press, “Winnie Mandela wears traditional Xhosa dress to Nelson Mandela's trial in 1962,” Apartheid Heritages Archive, accessed October 22, 2021,

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